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Friday, April 14, 2006

Colleges of the University of Oxford



The University of Oxford comprises 39 Colleges and 7 religious Permanent Private Halls (PPHs), which are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university. All teaching staff and students studying for a degree of the university must belong to one of the colleges or PPHs. These colleges are not only houses of residence, but have substantial responsibility for the teaching of undergraduates. Generally tutorials (the main method of teaching in Oxford) and classes are the responsibility of colleges, while lectures, examinations, laboratories and the central library are run by the university A typical college consists of a great hall for dining, a chapel, a library, a college bar, senior, middle (postgraduate) and junior common rooms, rooms for 200-400 undergraduates as well as lodgings for the head of the college and other dons. College buildings range from the mediaeval to very modern buildings, but most are made up of interlinked quadrangles (courtyards), with one or more large wooden gates controlling entry from the outside.

History

The University of Oxfords collegiate system springs from the fact that the university came into existence through the gradual agglomeration of independent institutions in the city of Oxford. The first academic houses were monastic halls. Of the dozens that settled in the university during the 12th Century to 15th Century centuries, none survived the Reformation. The modern permanent private hall of Blackfriars, Oxford (1921) is a descendant of the original (1221), and is therefore sometimes described as heir to the oldest tradition of teaching in Oxford. As the University took shape, friction between the hundreds of students living where and how they pleased led to a decree that all undergraduates would have to reside in approved halls. Of the hundreds of Aularian houses that sprang up across the city, only St Edmund Hall, Oxford (c 1225) remains. What put an end to the halls was the emergence of colleges. Generously endowed and with permanent teaching staff, the colleges were originally the preserve of graduate students. However, once they began accepting fee-paying undergraduates in the 14th Century, the halls days were numbered. The oldest of Oxfords colleges are University College, Oxford, Balliol College, Oxford, and Merton College, Oxford, established between 1249 and 1264, although there is some dispute over the exact order and precisely when each began teaching. Women entered the university for the first time in 1878, becoming members of the University (and thus eligible to receive degrees) in 1920. Womens colleges before integration included Somerville College, Oxford, St. Hughs College, Oxford, adobe acrobat readerand Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. Almost all colleges are now co-educational, the only remaining women-only college being St. Hildas College, Oxford. Some colleges accept only graduate students.

List of colleges

For a list of Oxford and Cambridge sister colleges see List of Oxbridge sister colleges. For the college scarf colours see Oxbridge scarf acrobat reader downloadcolours
All Souls College, Oxford (1438) Website
Balliol College, Oxford (1263) Website
Brasenose College, Oxford (1509) Website
Christ Church, Oxford (1546) Website
Corpus Christi College, Oxford (1517) Website
Exeter College, Oxford (1314) Website
Green College, Oxford (1979) Website
Harris Manchester College, Oxford (1889) Website
Hertford College, Oxford (1740) Website
Jesus College, Oxford (1571) Website
Keble College, Oxford (1870) adobe acrobat free downloadWebsite
Kellogg College, Oxford (1990) Website
Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford (1878) Website
Linacre College, adobe acrobat downloadOxford (1962) Website
Lincoln College, Oxford (1427) Website
Magdalen College, Oxford (1458) Website
Mansfield College, Oxford (1886) Website
Merton College, Oxford (1264) Website
New College, Oxford (1379) Website
Nuffield College, Oxford (1958) Website
Oriel College, Oxford (1326) Website
Pembroke College, Oxford (1624) Website
The Queens College, Oxford (1341) Website
St Annes College, Oxford (1878) Website
St Antonys College, Oxford (1953) Website
St Catherines College, Oxford (1963) Website
St Cross College, Oxford (1965) Website
St Edmund Hall, Oxford (1957) Website
St Hildas ellisonz5emCollege, Oxford (1893) Website
St Hughs College, Oxford (1886) Website
St Johns College, Oxford (1555) Website
St Peters College, Oxford (1929) Website
Somerville College, Oxford (1879) Website
Templeton College, Oxford (1995) Website
Trinity College, Oxford (1554) Website
University College, Oxford free adobe acrobat(1249) Website
Wadham College, Oxford (1610) Website
Wolfson College, Oxford (1966) Website
Worcester College, Oxford (1714) Website

List of Permanent Private Halls

Blackfriars, Oxford (1221) gijsg96yWebsite
Campion adobe acrobat readerHall, Oxford (1896) Website
Greyfriars, Oxford (1910) Website
Regents Park College, Oxford (1927) Website
St Benets Hall, Oxford (1897) Website
St Stephens House, Oxford (1876) Website
Wycliffe Hall, Oxford (1877) Website

Fictional Colleges of Oxford

For a list of fictional colleges of Oxford University see List of fictional Oxford colleges.

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